The Qur’an: Misinterpreted, Mistranslated, and Misread.
The Aramaic Language of the Qur’an
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The attacks of September 11, 2001 on New York City and Washington D.C. by Muslim terrorists is a form of “clash of civilizations” instigated by Muslim fundamentalists against the United States of America.
Muslims call Christians and Jews:”kafir (i.e. infidel), apes, swine (Q. 5: 61), those who incur the wrath of Allah, who worship evil, and those who have gone astray, whose adobe is fiery hell”. Yet Muslims benefit from the civilization of the those “infidels”. They are the ones who make their cars, airplanes, television sets, radios, computers, etc.
On the political side, every single constitution of the Muslim states in the Middle East (except Lebanon and Turkey) stipulates that the religion of the state shall be “Islam”, or the religion of the president shall be Islam, or the laws of the state shall be based on the Islamic Shari’a (i.e. the Qur’an, the Hadith and the interpretations given by Muslim commentators, etc.).
It is important to note that Islamic culture seems much less likely to develop stable democratic political systems, or advance human rights and freedom of expression. Bobming of mosques, churches, and sinagogues, and sending out suicide bombers to kill innocent people does not advance a civilization, to the contrary, it pulls it backward. After all the Quran respects both: Christianity and Judaism. One Quranic verse reads the following: “We believe in Allah and what has been revealed to us, and what was revealed to Abraham and Ishmael, and Isaac, and Jacob and his children, and what was given to Moses and Jesus, and what was given to all other prophets from their Lord” (Quran 2: 137). In another verse, the Quran commands his followers that: “There should be no compulsion in religion” (Q. 2: 257).
So what causes Muslim fundamentalists to follow the path of hostility and hatred to Christians and Jews? Why do Muslim fundamentalists treat the West in general, and the United States in particular as ‘enemy’?
The problem lies in the fact the Muslim commentators do not understand the language in which the Quran was written. The language of the Quran has always been Aramaic. Aramaic renders interpretations that are totally different from those rendered by Muslim commentators throughout the last fourteen centuries.
The Quran states that its language is Arabic, but Arab speaking people have difficulty understanding its language. The difficulty stems from the fact that the language of the Quran has always been and still is Aramaic. In the seventh century, the written language of the Near East was Syriac, a dialect of Aramaic, not Arabic. The classical Arabic is a distorted form of Aramaic. The Palmyrene and Nabataean inscriptions in Syria and Transjordan indicates that these two Arab kingdoms had their literature written in Aramaic, Greek and some Latin. None of these inscriptions were written in the “classical Arabic”.
There are numerous Quranic verses that are kept out of translation, among those are the Quranic words of “kalalat” (Q. 83: 9); “iliyyun” (Q. 83: 20); “ra’ina” (Q. 2: 47, 105); “sijjin” (Q. 83: 9); “tasnim” (Q. 83: 28); “iblis” (Q. 2: 35, 18: 51); “al-riss” (Q.25: 39); “al-samiri” (Q.20: 86); “wasatan” (Q. 2: 144) etc. These and other words can be understood within the Aramaic context only, not Arabic.
Eastern Syriac dialect is dominant in the Quran. This is indicated by the use of ending /a/ rather than /o/, and the change from /b/ to /w/. The book deals with the erroneous interpretations to the Quran given by Muslim commentators, and the consequences of those erroneous interpretations in the life of Muslims around the world. It deals with the Aramaic language of the Quran. It also lists the Quranic verses that were borrowed from the Bible.
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Gabriel Sawma is a lawyer with Middle East background. Professor of Middle East Constitutional Law, Islamic sharia, and Islamic economics. Expert consultant on Islamic divorce in U.S. courts